Cairo is the capital of Egypt; the name means "the victorious city". It is the capital and largest city of Egypt. Cairo, Egypt’s capital is set on the Nile River. The city is marked by the traditions of the East and the West, the ancient and the modern. At its heart are Tahrir Square and the vast Egyptian Museum, a trove of antiquities including royal mummies and gilded King Tutankhamun artifacts. Nearby, Giza is the site of the iconic pyramids and Great Sphinx. Cairo is the chief commercial and industrial centre of Egypt.